Let us assume that present global resource and ecological impacts must be halved (and much more than that is needed.) It has been explained that if we in rich countries average 3% growth, and 9 billion rose to the living standards we would then have by 2050, total world output would be almost 20 times as great as it is today. Now do you think technical advance will make it possible to multiply total world economic output by 20 while halving impacts, i.e., enable a Factor 40 reduction? (Trainer, 2011)
Butcouldn’t our environmental and resource problems be solved if we just got access to cheap clean renewable energy? This argument was well put by one respondent:
If we are indeed ‘fornicated’ we still should try to bang on about TSW. This is because, even if we fail, it is important to have established in the cultural memory that TSW is (more or less) the only way to achieve a just and sutainable world order. As Trainer says:
‘What we can now see is that a sustainable world order, if and when it is ever achieved, must be based on principles of simplicity, self-sufficiency, co-operation, localism etc. We must ensure that even if we can’t make any of the required changes in our time these crucial ideas have been sown and have sprouted and taken hold and become widely understood, so that when greed-and-growth society is finally scrapped there will then be within people in general sufficient understanding of what the sane, just and sustainable path is’ (Trainer, 1995, 221).
Sarkar, S (1999) Eco Socialism or Eco-Capitalism: A Critical Analysis of Humanity’s fundamental choices, London, Zed Books.